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For nearly everyone being affected by this foreclosure crisis, the foundation is almost always negative equity and financial hardship: If financial hardship comes, and you can’t sell the house because it’s “upside down,” you are likely about to stop, or have already stopped, paying your mortgage. This is when the process of foreclosure begins.
It is absolutely critical that you know the process and timelines of delinquency, default, and foreclosure, and what your options are in dealing with them. The entire foreclosure process starts with your first missed payment. Let’s take a look at the timeline.
When you miss your first payment, you will likely start getting all kinds of communication from your bank. They want to know where their money is, and if you can’t bring your payments current very quickly (usually within 30-90 days), a “notice of default” will be issued.
The Notice of Default is a legal notice filed by your bank, indicating they have notified the courts that you are seriously delinquent on the loan. This notice also indicates that if you do not clear the delinquency within 90 days, the property will be scheduled for public auction.
When the home is scheduled for public auction, a Notice of Trustees Sale will be posted on the home itself, and filed with the courts. This notice identifies the place and time of the trustees’ sale, the loan servicer and/or legal office pursuing the sale, and the homeowner against whom this action is being taken. The auction date for the trustees’ sale is usually 30 to 90 days after the posted notice date. When and if the property is sold at auction, it now belongs to someone else, usually the lender who filed the action.
The next step in the process is eviction. Once the home has transferred ownership at the trustees’ sale, the new owner is going to take possession. Sometimes, the lender will contact the occupants of the home, and offer a “Cash for Keys” deal in exchange for leaving the home within 15-30 days. If the occupant is uncooperative or not able to be contacted, a forcible detainer action will be filed, and eviction proceedings will commence.
Now, it is absolutely vital that you understand your “Action Zone.” This is the time during which you can act to contain and mitigate the damage to YOURSELF, your family, your credit, and your future. The Action Zone starts before you even miss a payment, and ends just a few weeks after the Notice of Trustees Sale. It is during this time that you absolutely need to contact someone for help with your situation, as there are several programs in place by lenders, and federal and state governments to help.
In our next installment, I’ll discuss these foreclosure prevention programs, how they work, who can do them, and who should do them. Until then, if you have questions or concerns regarding your personal pre-foreclosure situation, I encourage you to contact me. Both myself and my staff of highly trained and certified mortgage default specialists are always ready to take your calls or emails.
Until Next time, this is Allen Butler, Managing Director of The Realty Butler LLC, and agent of West USA Realty, Inc, signing out.